| | | Power Approach to Soccer Training

Author / Christopher McQuilkin

FIFA-World-Cup-Brazil-Power-AthleteThe skill and athleticism necessary to compete amongst the best soccer players in the world has been front and center during this year’s World Cup. 32 countries handpicked their elite 23 players to represent their national pride. Of over 239 million male soccer players world wide, these 736 athletes face a very small margin of error as they progress through the tournament. To put this into perspective, these 736 men represent nearly 0.000308% of registered soccer players in the world.

I am not a soccer player, much less an enthusiast, but I still respect moments of perfect execution.  These are without a doubt the top athletes in their international arena. That said, I still observed opportunities to improve pieces of their movement.

I would target: seamless and effortless movement through space, lack of arm swing, hamstring injuries at top speed, and power’s role in game changing moments. This article will address specific adaptations a S&C program must drive to not only help athletes competing in the World Cup, but anyone outside of the 0.000308 who are gunning for 2018 in Russia.Power-Athlete-Soccer-Warm-upIncrease Workability

As with all sports, the only way to get better at soccer is…playing soccer.  Soccer has become a year round sport, from youth to the international level.  The last thing a player needs is for a strength and conditioning program to detract from their soccer skill development.  I observed many skills that involved a soccer ball that no amount of time in the weightroom would have helped them accomplish. Wait… so if a strength program cannot help soccer skills, what can it do? Simple, increase workability.

For year round athletes, especially ones at the high levels, a strength coach needs to focus on short term adaptations that drive long term success, gradually developing multiple short term and systemic training effects on the body.  During a year round season, the focus of adaptation needs to be increase in power and speed of movement.  To effectively accelerate these adaptations, the athlete must demonstrate body control through space, CNS efficiency and kinesthetic awareness. Believe it or not, even some professional athletes still can improve these factors.


Moving Through Space

Kinesthetic awareness is a primary component for success at soccer, making it a primary component of a true training program.  Every warm up before training, practice and games is an opportunity for the athlete to train their kinesthetic awareness and get them in touch with their Central Nervous System.  Much of soccer relies on knowing body positioning relative to the goal or sideline, feeling where your opponents’ or ball location without looking, and effortlessly moving through space.  The victor of field sport is often determined by who is better at moving through the same space against an opponent. Thus, addressing this component is crucial.

Power-Athlete-Soccer-TrainingExplosive Power

There were countless displays of athleticism that combined kinesthetic awareness with explosive power, especially the leaping goal pictured above.  Feats like this require maximal motor recruitment.  S&C coaches inexperienced with training for power cannot differentiate true high intensity, high motor unit involvement from times the body is not utilizing a large amount of muscles.  Movements we like to use to challenge kinesthetic awareness, fire the CNS and  recruit the highest amount of motor units include the Power Clean, Clean and Jerk, Power Snatch, as well as plyometrics and maximal sprints.

A 100% performance doesn’t mean 100% contraction. More precisely, it equals the best interplay of muscles the athlete can achieve per task.  On a stage such as the World Cup, the margin for error is extremely small, and rare opportunities to make a play must be seized with precise vigor.  Athletes must prepare the mental side of this, and training for explosive power offers that opportunity.  Rep ranges of 1-3 at near maximal loads do not leave much margin for error, forcing an athlete to execute under control in high pressure situations.  Training explosive power has many physiological adaptations, but the incumbent mental toughness and swagger becomes even more valuable when the game is on the line.

Top End Speed

Each of the team’s top player use pedometers to track distance they covered during the game, essentially taking an endurance approach to a sport requiring speed for success.  This will not prepare the athletes for the highest level of competition like the World Cup. Instead, Implementing top end speed into a year round program better fits the sport’s demands.

Speed improvement occurs within a much narrower intensity range than strength and endurance.  For example, improvements in maximal strength occur mostly within the 80-100% intensity range.  By contrast, speed improvement only occurs at intensities over 95% of objective performance, not perceived effort.  To maintain true intensity and drive a speed adaptation, there must be a full recovery between runs.  Replicating speed is essential to success in soccer, but without raising the top end bar, the replicated speed will not be optimal for performance.  The body’s ability to tolerate sprinting at the necessary intensity to drive a speed adaptation is very limited, so a balance of intensity runs, volume training and practice is required.

One glaring observation was many of the soccer players’ arm swings while sprinting. The arm swing affects cadence and stride length – the vertical arm swing (punch) controls the stride frequency and the back swing (hammer) controls stride length.  Some soccer players were not utilizing their arms to drive their sprint, slowing them down.  The counterbalance a powerful arm swing allows an athlete to run straighter, maintain balance when contacted  and reduces leg workload.

Training top end speed also stretches the hips and hamstrings in a manner impossible to replicate at lower intensities or during cool down stretches.  If a player gets into an all-out sprint situation in a match without having trained full ROM at true intensity for their hamstrings, the results could be drastic.

Power-Athlete-Soccer-TrainingConditioning Conclusion

Applying the above techniques to soccer strength and conditioning and focusing on those adaptations will dramatically improve performance economizing energy through optimizing movements per demands.  Tissue sensitivity to adrenaline decreases, streamlining energy distribution (Verhoshansky, 532).  This conditions economy, which ensures mobilization of respiration and glycolysis required during games.

Increasing optimal speed versus accumulating miles makes it possible to have level increases in the heart cavity volume and after this, myocardial power forming adequete peripheral vessel reactions. Consequently, the function in the slow and fast contracting muscle fibers needed for each task is improved (Verkhoshansky, 536).

There are active rest and recovery times naturally built into the game of soccer, but these moments are not what the greats are remembered for.  That unexpected ‘moment of greatness’ requiring complete control, precise muscle action, and the swagger to execute needs preparation.

Sources:
Verkhoshansky, Y., & Siff, M. (2009). Supertraing: 6th Edition. Rome: Ultimate Athlete Concepts.

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AUTHOR

Christopher McQuilkin

MS, CSCS, SCCC, CHES
Book a consult with me regarding coaching, training, life, education... anything your heart desires. Click below:
calendly.com/pahq-tex

Former collegiate lacrosse defensive midfielder, 4-year letter winner and 3-year team captain. Coached strength and conditioning collegiately with Georgetown University football, Men's and Women's lacrosse and Women's Crew, as well with the University of Texas at Austin's football program. Apprenticed under Raphael Ruiz of 1-FortyFour-1 studying proper implementation of science based, performance driven training systems. Head coached CrossFit Dupont's program for two years in Washington D.C. Received a Master's in Health Promotion Management from Marymount University in 2010, and has been a coach for Power Athlete since October, 2012.

13 Comments

  1. Adam Colby on June 23, 2014 at 6:34 pm

    Tex, I’m getting ready to start training to walk on DIII Lax. Would you recommend similar training principals for a Mid? Obviously adjusted for the known time domain.

    • Tex McQuilkin on June 24, 2014 at 5:17 am

      100%. Speed kills in lacrosse, especially for walk ons. If your skills are holding you back now, show the coaches you’re a valuable athlete that simply needs to develop stick skills and they’ll hold onto you.

      Best combo for now would be for you to be on Field Strong and sure up you’re athletic weaknesses while hitting the wall everyday. Catch, throw and shoot on the run everyday you can, especially Weds and SPP days. If you have any other lacrosse training partners, take one V ones versus each other from both above and below the cage. Middie than can play D below the cage is another thing coaches are looking for.

      Walk ons simply need to show athleticism and potential skills.

      Where you going to play?

  2. Brett_nyc on June 23, 2014 at 7:20 pm

    I love soccer and actually played for 3 years in college, and this article is spot on. Really good write up.

  3. stevenzissou on June 23, 2014 at 8:22 pm

    Hey Tex, enjoyed the article. I’m 1 day new FS member and coincidentally a life long soccer player. Everything you said makes complete sense and in my career with the sport the training of running simply does not exist . Sports science is making its way into the sport but its been an extremely slow adopter of it and lags far behind others sports.

    Oh also, players don’t wear pedometers they use video analysis software to keep track of all sorts of metrics.

    • Tex McQuilkin on June 24, 2014 at 4:59 am

      I understand that all sport coaches value skill time and practice over training, but just investing some time into learning techniques to help speed and strength training increase their likelihood to learn more, faster in practice time!

      Noted on the distance metrics, thank you. Enjoy Field Strong, way too much fun!

  4. Chris on June 23, 2014 at 10:37 pm

    Hello,
    i am very interested in this article but dont have permission to read the whole article. Is it possible to send me the whole article via e-mail (mauntainbiker@gmx.at). Would be very nice!!!!! chris

  5. Adam Colby on June 24, 2014 at 5:49 am

    @mcquilkin I’m starting at Wentworth Institute of Tech in Boston this Fall. Speed is def my most glaring weakness at this point as I’m 35-40lbs and 13 years from my Middie days. Thanks for the advise man, I’ll def be reaching out over the next 6 months for some more!

    Adam

  6. Ingo B on June 24, 2014 at 7:08 am

    Chris (mauntainbiker@gmx.at) – the content herein is premium, meaning membership is required to view in its entirety. Go here:

    https://powerathletehq.com/membership/

  7. Gavin on June 24, 2014 at 8:15 am

    Tex: great article. Thanks.

  8. Chris on June 24, 2014 at 10:02 am

    Thx Ingo B. I thought maybe it is possible to receive only this article without getting a member. Is the membership with 3 USD enough to be able to read this article? Cause my english is not good its Not easy to understand the articles so i thought i can get this one without membership per Mail.

  9. Ingo B on June 26, 2014 at 3:40 pm

    Chris – not 100% sure, but I believe you need Essentials Level access to read them. I’ll double check and let you know for sure.

  10. Ingo B on June 27, 2014 at 7:08 am

    Confirmed: you need to sign up for Essentials level of access.

  11. Tex McQuilkin on July 17, 2014 at 6:41 am

    The New York Times just posted an article about the German soccer team’s training. Some of their dynamic movement prep looks awfully familiar…

    Check it out: http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/07/16/train-like-a-german-soccer-star/

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